In order to identify knowledge and understanding of a particular topic, students are often asked to do their own work and essays. One such task may be an essay, which is a creative statement where the author can reflect, share his vision of the situation. And though it is a free form of presentation, there are practical recommendations on how to write gre essay. We also suggest further consideration of features, characteristics, and distinctive features.
What is an essay?
Initially it is customary to say that an essay is an essay, but it is a somewhat erroneous opinion. What is an essay can be understood unambiguously only when the defining qualities of the genre, the requirements for composition and design, features and differences from the work are considered. One thing is certain – it is a prosaic genre of free composition in a small volume.
Defining the qualities of the genre
The term originates in French, where literally an essay is translated as “sketch” or “essay”. Depending on the issue dealt with in the work, the author must express:
a personal view of the situation;
an exhaustive answer to the question;
his or her own impressions and opinion;
conversational, casual style of presentation;
emotionality and aphorism of speech.
In such a work must be traced logic, the ability of the author to clearly argue these or those conclusions and opinions. The information is presented competently, in the right order and structure.
More decisive factors can be obtained if the type of essay is predetermined. It can be literary, philosophical, historical, spiritual and religious, artistic or artistic and journalistic, analytical and other types of independent work.
Requirements for an essay
In order to understand in advance what a pupil or student’s work looks like, it is important to familiarize yourself with the basic requirements. The following points are marked here:
no more than 1-2 pages in length;
a clear and understandable idea, a single whole basis;
short, concise writing without water, the author focuses on information that reveals his position and opinion;
clear structure, logical and competent composition of the text;
a single paragraph reveals only one question or thought;
the author should demonstrate awareness of the topic, the sequence of disclosure, using deciphering terms, dates, worldview ideas;
there must be a convincing argument for the stated problem.
An essay may be a story or discussion about a book, film, magazine or newspaper article, television programme, literary work, social and political issues, and the like.
Characteristic features of an essay
Now it’s time to look at the specifics of such work. Characteristic features are the following:
A narrow topic that always has a problem to be considered by the author and the audience.
Presence of subjective evaluation and position of the performer. He or she should not only understand the topic and see the problem inside it, but also give the methods of its solution, proof of their effectiveness, using personal style, speech, and thinking.
The text is conducted in a conversational genre; there is no room for too long sentences and intricate formulations. There should be an immediate connection between the writer and the listener, but it is inappropriate to score the slang. Clarity and formality will bring short and clear utterances, different intonation in sentences, the right emotional coloring.
The problem should not only be formulated, but also have a trial analysis. The pupil presents his point of view, supports it with arguments, but only on the basis of generally established and accepted facts.
Whatever the topic and scale of the problem is identified, the presentation is brief and concise. The teacher cannot limit the number of pages, but practice shows that 1-2 sheets will be enough.
The structure should be free, the presentation has no clear framework. The student should only rely on his own logic.
Logic should be holistic, i.e. the essay should have an inner unity based only on the statements and opinion of the performer.
The purpose of this type of creative presentation is the author’s ability to inspire the listener to reasoning, analysis and empathy with the problem. At the same time, it is important that the personal attitude to the topic is not imposed on others, principles and worldview as delicately and correctly presented to the audience.
The difference between an essay and an essay
This essay is largely reminiscent of other creative and independent works by students and pupils. But in order not to get confused in terms of concepts, it is worth considering the main points, in what it differs from other works, articles:
The essay is based on the analysis of an artistic work, and our work is based on the author’s point of view, his vision of the problem and ways to solve it;
the aim here is also different, to surprise and interest, to impress the listener with paradoxical statements, aphorisms and quotations;
the work has a conditional scheme of composition; in fact, teachers do not set frames or boundaries;
the definition of the problem and solution, the form of transmission of thoughts can be conversational and relaxed;
an integral part of an essay is the performer’s world view and reasoning, even if it is not always approved by the teacher and the audience;
it is a short form of self-representation, not tolerant of a copaste and the use of extraneous thoughts.
In this case, there should be a specific theme, a problem within it, the performer’s vision and his suggestions for a solution. In the works, reports, essays and scientific projects on the contrary, the range of issues is maximally extended, there are conclusions, generalizations and conclusions.
How to write gre essay
In the context of such creativity of the student there is no place for the imposed structure of the text, plan, cliche, the composition is built as arbitrary as possible. But there are recommendations on the choice of topic, the construction of internal structure and design, so that the result is logical, in the right chronology and competently designed.
To write “on excellent”, it is necessary:
select a topical theme;
consider the initial tasks;
make a structure;
draw up a plan and follow it.
Most often, the teacher selects the most relevant topics for students. If no clear instructions have been given, you should choose something that is as audience oriented as possible. This may be a teacher, conference, commission, employer, literary community, or other.
Think about what criteria will influence the final assessment. It is desirable that you have at least some basic knowledge in this area to demonstrate your abilities and knowledge as much as possible. The listener will expect from you logic, originality, professional qualities, literacy, and the ability to structure proposals correctly.
If the text will be written for the employer, choose the topic through which you will be able to maximize the reflection of your best qualities and talents. Otherwise, strive for what you yourself will be extremely interested. Otherwise, boring and poorly understood topic will not give the opportunity to maximize the smart and competent to reveal their vision.
Where to begin?
Even knowing the stages of writing and disclosure of topics, most performers are very difficult to begin with something. It is good to have an example or a close template at hand, but often teachers give topics that have not yet been revealed by other students. A kind of introduction can be formalized by following simple advice:
Formulate the idea and purpose of creative presentation, find the best set of literature and sources;
Learn the freeriding technique of free writing of thoughts and ideas without following spelling, punctuation and design, which allows for extraordinary ideas;
don’t dwell on the introduction, you can design this part when you’re done, when you’re as open and understand the subject as possible;
the simplest scenario is to decide the question and then finish the answer with the arguments and facts.
There are no specific requirements as to how an essay is structured, but there is a sample that is easier to move around in order to create a competent text. The structure and order of writing contains 3 sections:
The introduction is the part that should motivate the reader to further study the material. Here the problem is formulated, a rhetorical question can be raised, important quotations can be used. Create the necessary emotional mood to bring the listener closer to the problem.
The basis – this part marks the problem, different views on it, the history of the question. Inside this piece of text, there should be subparagraphs:
thesis – a judgment with evidence;
Justification – a presentation of arguments to support the thesis;
conclusion – the answer to the question, most common words on gre for essay.
The main emphasis should be on arguments, for example, life situations, opinions of specialists and scientists. The sequence is as follows – a strong statement on the topic, your explanation, a visual example, a judgement on the outcome, and a conclusion.
Conclusion – complete the main part with a summary that lists the conclusions of all the theses, clarifies the problem and its solution. The reader should see a logical conclusion based on the reasoning.
How to make an essay plan
There is no such thing as a competent and correct plan before you write it. In the process of compiling all parts of the text, disclosure of the topic and problems, solutions and arguments, you will surely make multiple adjustments. Each point of the plan should be the main idea, inside them are allowed to detailed thoughts, that is, sub-items.
The free writing format allows you to make different changes, not to stick to frames or certain structures. But knowing what an essay consists of, it is easier to put aside everything superfluous by focusing on the important component. Specialists in this field can only share recommendations and practical advice.
Read the essays of other authors
Since this is about expressing your own opinion, it is important for you to form your own personal style. The most commonly used styles are expressive, publicistic, artistic, emotional and other. To understand what’s closer to you, read other people’s statements and publications more often, and look for sources with new works coming in.
Learn literature on a given topic.
All that is required from you is the formulation, disclosure of the topic, your own vision of problem solving. As a rule, the text is addressed not to “teapots”, but to the audience, which has at least a minimum idea about it. Therefore, delve into the topic, look for reliable sources, analyze before you take for writing.
Think of a structure and an essay plan.
The composition of the text can be arbitrary, you can limit yourself to an introduction, basis and conclusion, or you can add important points and practical parts to the plan. The cliche to the structure will be approximately the same:
theses and arguments;
a list of literature.
Don’t “overload” the essay.
Knowing what the ideal scenario is, do not try to expand the topic of research. Such creative research is written in brief, do not resort to excessive philosophy, examples, and reasoning. Otherwise the listener will quickly lose the thread of the problem and get bored.
Competent expression of your thoughts is the key to success.
Do not use other people’s quotations and opinions as your own reasoning, nor should you think something over and write from yourself. The essay should not be fiction, all theses and arguments use only the truth.
Common mistakes when writing an essay
It is equally important to know the most typical mistakes in the compilation of such work, so that in the process itself you do not make such mistakes. For example:
The fear of being misunderstood or uninteresting, which is why the author removes fundamental theses, terms and facts;
weak elaboration of details, when due to the desire to be brief the performer does not provide arguments and examples;
poor understanding of the problem, wrong formulation and deciphering of the topic;
use of other people’s thoughts without specification of authorship, as a result of which the author does not give his thoughts.
In spite of the fact that full freedom of creativity and possibility of the statement of the sight is given, it is important to avoid jargonisms, slang, words not on Russian language, slang and lack of sequence.