Since the activities of the toddlers – the game, and learn the easiest way to play. Here are the most interesting and exciting fun activities that teach the child the basics of mathematics. If before reading, counting and writing were taught only in school, but nowadays the curriculum is designed for the first-grader already knows something. In some schools, when enrolling in the first grade, there are even interviews where children are asked elementary questions in order to assess their level of development. Therefore, it is worthwhile to teach the toddler how to add and subtract before school. How can you do it quickly, easily and funnily? Of course, with the help of 1st grade math games!
The bill with the handy materials. The first thing to do чтобы touch math is to teach the kid to count from 1 to 10.
It’s easy to do: count stairs, elevator buttons, house windows, trees, flowers, playground bars, dogs and cats, people – everything you can see. When the crumb has mastered basic counting, start adding and subtracting. Examples can be invented on the move (there was one grandmother, but she was approached by another – how many grandmothers are there now?), you can count on your fingers or prepare special material for training. For example, a magic mathematical box for addition. Take any box with a lid and make two holes in it so that you can slip small toys or objects (balls, buttons, beads). Hang an example paper above the holes and ask your child to put the right amount of objects into the box. For example, 4+1 – your child puts 4 buttons in one hole and one button in the other. Ask the baby to guess how many buttons are in the box, then open the lid and check. At first the baby will be wrong, but soon enough he will learn to count in his mind. Games with food. What could be more fun and clear than counting with food? Take a bowl with something small, which the child can eat a lot (you have to repeat the examples many times to remember). Like berries, slices of fruit or corn sticks. Put the food from the bowl on a board or plate and make up examples to add up. “There was one strawberry on the plate, let’s add another strawberry – how much did you get?” It’s not hard to guess how eating can help you learn subtraction. “There were three strawberries, you ate one, we subtracted it. How many are left?”
Games with Lego details. Suitable for any other similar designer. There are many ways to teach your child how to add and subtract using parts. For example, building a tower out of blocks. “We had three yellow bricks, add two red ones. How many floors did our tower have?” That’s how you remove blocks – it’s a subtraction. The other option is to make a track out of the blocks, write the numbers from 1 to 10 on them with a flush marker and walk with a Lego man. “The man took one step and then two more steps. How many steps did you get? So he took three steps forward and then one step back is minus one step. How many steps did he make?” Playing games with plasticine. It’s gonna be fun to score with plasticine, too. Roll a lot of colorful plasticine balls with the baby. Put them on the table, add and subtract them by turning them into scones. The child will love to press the balls with the palm of his hand. When the crumb has mastered addition and subtraction, you can move on to the composition of numbers. For example, explain that two balls and three flatbreads add up to five. The peg count. The clothespins are a very handy tool for teaching to touch math to older preschoolers. Stick example paper (3+1, 4-2, etc.) to the clothespins and ask your child to pin each one to a card with a number that is the correct answer. For example, the “3+1” peg should be pinned to a card with the number 4. Another option is to put the clothespin with an example in a glass, on which the correct number is written (not only clothespins, but also wooden ice cream sticks – you can write examples on them too). Examples with dominoes. The idea for teaching adding up. Together with your child, count the dots on the dominoes and write down the corresponding example on paper, where two numbers are the number of dots on the two halves of the knuckle. Not only can you write down the numbers, but you can also draw the knuckles themselves to memorize them even better.
Playing dice wanderers. Another add-on game. Take any board fermenter, a couple of playing cubes and start playing. Teach your child to add up points from two dice to see how many steps he can take.
“Dwarves in the cabin” by Sergei Polyakov. An experienced teacher, author of his own methods of teaching reading and mathematics, Sergei Polyakov believes that it is important to wean your child from counting on his fingers as soon as possible and teach him to count, which involves both memory and thinking. To do this, it is necessary that your child remembers the composition of numbers. Of course, it is necessary to start with one dozen. The material is a box with painted squares of cells and the same cubes. It’s a house and dwarves. Each dwarf takes one square, a room. First, teach the little one to determine how many dwarfs are in the house, not counting them with his finger. Daily training will achieve this very quickly. And then move on to the tasks: let the dwarfs come and go from the house, and crumb in his mind to figure out how many of them inside. After setting the task, close the box with the lid or hand, so that the baby can count from memory. When he answers, let him put the cubes into the box or remove them from the box and check if he has solved the example correctly. Glenn Doman’s method. Glenn Doman, a diaper-teaching enthusiast, also assures that the main skill for your baby is to determine the number of items on the move. In Doman’s mathematical method, a picture with chaotically drawn dots and a card with the corresponding number are shown to crumbs. Over time, the child learns to choose the right card by quickly determining the number of dots. With the same cards, children are taught to add, subtract and equal. The method of Nikolai Zaitsev. Account training is carried out on cards “Account”, which show numbers from 0 to 100 and their quantitative composition (you can buy or make them yourself). All cards are tables with 2 rows and 5 columns, and each figure is illustrated by painted cells. When going to the study of tens use several cards: the number of painted cards, equal to the first digit (ten), and the card units with similarly painted cells for the required number. As with Zaitsev’s tables for reading, it is necessary to place cards on walls of children’s room at eye level of the child. Each time, studying new numbers, you put up additional cards, and you get a training “steam train” of numbers, thanks to which you will see the order of numbers and the composition of the number. Starting from the first ten Zaitsev offers to acquaint a toddler with simple actions above numbers: addition and subtraction. All examples are solved on the same digital chain – the child simply moves forward or backward on a given number of cards, thus receiving the answer.